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The Imperial Fora (Fori Imperiali) are a series of monumental public squares constructed in Rome over a period of one and a half centuries, between 46 BC and 113 AD. The forums were the center of the Roman Republic and of the Roman Empire.
Old Rome was here. Imagine what it was like walking around Rome 2000 years ago. Don't forget the Palatine hill, its museum and a great villa located nearby that was once owned by a Scottsman who loved Rome.
Let's dive into more than 2,000 years of history, letting our imagination help us to.
Assolutamente una visita da non perdere, possibilità anche di visite notturne. A soli 15 min a piedi. Absolutely a visit not to be missed, possibility also of night visits. Only 15 minutes on foot.
At the end of the Republican Age, when Rome had become the capital of a vast empire stretching from Gaul to Asia Minor, the old Roman Forum proved to be too cramped to efficiently serve as the city’s
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“Amphitheatrum Flavium is the most famous and impressive monument of ancient Rome, as well as the largest amphitheater in the world. ”
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“The Pantheon is a former Roman temple, now a Catholic church (Basilica di Santa Maria ad Martyres), on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). It was rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian and probably dedicated about 126 AD. The building is cylindrical with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment. A rectangular vestibule links the porch to the rotunda, which is under a coffered concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43 metres (142 ft). Since the Renaissance the Pantheon has been the site of several important burials. Among those buried there are the painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, the composer Arcangelo Corelli, and the architect Baldassare Peruzzi. In the 15th century, the Pantheon was adorned with paintings: the best-known is the Annunciation by Melozzo da Forlì. Filippo Brunelleschi, among other architects, looked to the Pantheon as inspiration for their works.”
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Point of Interest
“The square occupies the area of the ancient stadium of Domitian (Circo Agonal), with a capacity of 30,000 spectators, where the Romans carried out their sporting and competitive activities. The fountains of Piazza Navona Undoubtedly, the most fascinating elements of Piazza Navona are the three fountains built during the mandate of Gregorio XIII Boncompagni: fountain of the Four Rivers In the center of Piazza Navona is the Fountain of the Four Rivers, designed by Bernini in 1651. The four statues of the fountain represent the most important rivers of the time: the Nile, the Danube, the Ganges and the Río de la Plata. In the center of the square there is a 16 meter high obelisk, which was previously located in the Circus of Maxentius on the Via Appia. Fontana del Moro Created by Giacomo della Porta and perfected by Bernini, who later added dolphins, the Fontana del Moro was initially known as the Snail Fountain. It is located in the southern part of the square. Fountain of Neptune Like the Fontana del Moro, that of Neptune was also designed by Giacomo della Porta. It was abandoned from its creation until 1873, when the work was finalized by Zappalà and Della Bitta. Curiosity Until the mid-nineteenth century, in summer the water outlets of the three fountains were closed and the central part of the square flooded, becoming "The Lake of Piazza Navona". A pleasant area The square is surrounded by bars and restaurants and is surrounded by a pleasant atmosphere during the day. It is a very lively area where, at any time of day, you can attend performances by street artists such as magicians or dancers. Among the buildings that delimit the square are the famous Palazzo Doria-Pamphili and the splendid Church of Santa Agnese.”
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“The Trevi Fountain is the largest and one of the most famous fountains in Rome. Built on the facade of Palazzo Poli by Nicola Salvi, the competition launched by Pope Clement XII in 1731 was initially won by the French sculptor Lambert-Sigisbert Adam but later the task passed to Salvi: it is said that the change was due to the fact that the pontiff did not want to entrust the work to a foreigner; instead, another version explains that Adam had to return to France. Begun in 1732, it was completed thirty years later by Giuseppe Pannini; stylistically it belongs to the late Baroque.”
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Point of Interest
“Piazza Venezia The current look of Piazza Venezia is the result of demolition and reconstruction works begun at the end of the 1800s and ending in the early 1900s. Standing out more than anything else is the Vittoriano, mammoth and controversial monument to Victor Emmanuel II. Here we find the Altar to the Fatherland that holds the remains of the Unknown Soldier, in memory of all the fallen soldiers that never received a proper burial. An ancient quarter filled with Renaissance and medieval buildings was demolished to make way for it and the Palazzetto Venezia, that originally closed the piazza, was dismantled and reassembled next to Palazzo Venezia, where it can be found today. At the center of the Vittoriano rises the bronze monument of the king seated astride a horse: it is so huge that, when the works were completed, a banquet was held inside the horses stomach! The Vittoriano is 81 meters high and the chariots at its summit are visible from most of Rome. The construction of the edifice caused much controversy among art critics, so much so that writers and journalists gave it names like “the wedding cake” or “the typewriter”. On the long side of the piazza, Palazzo Venezia, with its imposing facade, was initially the headquarters for popes but during the fascist era, Mussolini used it as the regime's main palace, with its balcony, sadly famous for being the place from which war was announced”
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Rome, Lazio 00184
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