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Sehenswürdigkeiten in Athen

Hill
“The Acropolis is the most important ancient site in the Western world. Crowned by the Parthenon, it stands sentinel over Athens, visible from almost everywhere within the city. Its monuments and sanctuaries of white Pentelic marble gleam in the midday sun and gradually take on a honey hue as the sun sinks, while at night they stand brilliantly illuminated above the city. A glimpse of this magnificent sight cannot fail to exalt your spirit. The Acropolis was first inhabited in Neolithic times (4000–3000 BC). The earliest temples were built during the Mycenaean era, in homage to the goddess Athena. People lived on the Acropolis until the late 6th century BC, but in 510 BC the Delphic oracle declared it the sole province of the gods. After all the buildings on the Acropolis were reduced to ashes by the Persians on the eve of the Battle of Salamis (480 BC), Pericles set about his ambitious rebuilding program. He transformed the Acropolis into a city of temples, which has come to be regarded as the zenith of Classical Greece.”
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Park
“Just a few metres away from Syntagma metro station and right next to the Greek parliament lies the national garden which, together with the zappeion hall garden, covers 24 hectares full of vegetation, rare kinds of plants, saplings and birds. The Garden is accessible from seven entrances. The central entrance on Amalias Avenue, one on Vasilissis Sophias Avenue, three on Irodou Attikou Street and two more in the area of Zappeion park. Before it was renamed “National”, the garden was called “royal” or “the garden of Amalia” the queen to whom it owes its rare existence. The interest of Queen Amalia, wife of king Otto, in the Garden was such that she is said to have spent at least three hours a day personally taking care of it. She herself also planted the iconic 25-metre-high Washingtonia palm trees which grab the attention when one enters the garden from the gate on Vasilissis Amalias Avenue.”
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Track Stadium
“A must see 10 minutes away from home. I would recomend it on the start of your tour or in the end of your tour . It would be difficult when there is too much sun . Athens' Panathenaic Stadium or Panathinaiko, is also known as the Kallimarmaro (Καλλιμάρμαρο), which means "beautifully marbled" and is the world's only stadium made entirely of marble which coomes from nearby Mount Pendeli. It is opposite the National Garden and its first building was made of wood in 330 BC. The marble structure that has survived to date was realized by Herodes Atticus. It was the venue where the athletic games took place during the Panathenaic feast. Today's stadium was built in 1869-1870 and has a capacity of 60,000 seats. He hosted the first Olympic Games of Modern History (1896).The top of the Panathinaiko Stadium gives you the best shot of the Acropolis. The stadium was used during the 2004 Olympics and still hosts Atheletic events and majorconcerts such as Bob Dylan, Depeche Mode, Tina Turner, Black Sabbath, REM and Sakis Rouvas, and even the Harlem Globetrotters have played here. The area behind the stadium is wooded and is a popular place for joggers and power-walkers.”
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Historische Stätte
“ Surrounded by Monastiraki and Plaka area, the Ancient Agora was developed during the 6th century BC and had been the center of administrative, commercial, cultural, social and religious life of ancient Athens. Walking down Agora, one can visit the Temple of Hephaestus and the Stoa of Attalos. Info: Open hours 08:00 - 15:00 | Entrance fee: 8,00€ per person”
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Historische Stätte
“This large amphitheater was built in AD 161 by wealthy Roman Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife Regilla. It was excavated in 1857–58 and completely restored in the 1950s. The Athens & Epidaurus Festival holds drama, music and dance performances here in summer, and occasionally there are blockbuster pop concerts. When you’re visiting the Acropolis site, the path leads west from the top of the Stoa of Eumenes, and you can peer down into the odeon from above. From this vantage, it looks positively intimate, though it seats 5000 people.”
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Historische Stätte
“You must visit this amazing historical gem. You can see the Parthenon, sitting atop the Acropolis (“sacred rock”) from all over the city, tempting you to climb up and explore the ruins. No matter how many times you catch a glimpse, it’ll take your breath away. And while it is impressive from a distance, it’s even more amazing up close. Originally built as a fortress, this impressive structure is now the symbol of Athens. Give yourself at least half a day to hike up, explore this masterful creation and its surroundings, enjoy the views from the top, hike back down and grab a bite to eat and explore the Plaka District.”
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Historische Stätte
“Kerameikos neighbourhood is named after the ancient cemetery of the city of Athens. Visit during all hours of the day.”
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Historische Stätte
“Philopappos Hill is situated north-west of the Acropolis. The hill was named after Philopappos, a Roman consul who loved Athens and grandson of Syrian king Antiochus IV Epiphanes. The actual mausoleum of Philopappos was discovered during excavations by archaeologist Konstantinos Travlos. Only one wall of the Mausoleum remains today, showing relief scenes from Philopappos’ life and an inscription”
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Historische Stätte
“The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. The word acropolis is from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, "highest point, extremity") and πόλις (polis, "city"). Although the term acropolis is generic and there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as "The Acropolis" without qualification. During ancient times it was known also more properly as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Cecrops, the supposed first Athenian king. While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth millennium BC, it was Pericles (c. 495–429 BC) in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the site's most important present remains including the Parthenon, the Propylaia, the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike. The Parthenon and the other buildings were damaged seriously during the 1687 siege by the Venetians during the Morean War when gunpowder being stored in the Parthenon was hit by a cannonball and exploded.”
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Historische Stätte
“A two-floor building, donated by the king of Pergamum Attalus to the city of Athens. It is thought to have been a kind of ancient commercial centre. Get an idea of everyday life in ancient Athens! ”
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Historische Stätte
“The second largest temple on the Acropolis has a complex and unique structure, including its famous Porch of the Caraytis.”
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Denkmal/Wahrzeichen
“Like many similar monuments around the world, this one is also dedicated to all soldiers who died in war. It was designed in 1932 and located in front of the Old Royal Palace at the Syntagma Square. The tomb is guarded by the Presidential Guard and the changing of the guard is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city. ”
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Track Stadium
“Panathenaic Stadium (Kallimarmaron). It hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. Ask me about it - I have a nice tip for you!”
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Capitol Building
“The old parliament building now houses exhibits from Greek Revolution period.”
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Historische Stätte
“The beautiful temple of Zeus and the much photographed Arch of Adrian are located 500m away from Syntagma (Constitution) square. The construction of the temple - which was dedicated to Zeus - started during the 6th century BC and completed much later. Out of 104 Corinthian columns built, only 15 are preserved nowadays. Info: Opens daily from 08:00 to 15:00 | Entrance fee: 2,00€ per person”
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